What is stress?
Life is dynamic. There is a constant change in the various aspects of
life which demand a corresponding reaction. Stress is our body's
natural response to cope with these demands.
Stress in the modern world scenario is mainly a
result of continuous high demands imposed on us by occupation, family and
lifestyle, or that we impose on ourselves due to high ambition, irrational
thinking or misperception.
Contrary to the common belief that stress is always bad, manageable levels of
stress for reasonable durations acts as a motivational force and is accompanied
by positive emotions like enjoyment, excitement, satisfaction and a sense
of identity. Such optimum level of stress is referred to as eustress or good
stress (In Greek eu- stands for good).
An overload of stress is harmful and can affect
physical and mental well-being. Such levels of stress if continued for a long
duration can lead to numerous mind - body disorders. This type of stress is
called dystress or bad stress (In Greek dys- stands for bad).
Occupational / Job stress:
Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses
that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities,
resources or needs of the worker (National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health, US Department of Health and Human Services).
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Family stress can be defined as a real or imagined imbalance between the
demands on the family and the family's ability to meet those demands.
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to irrational thinking
Education / Career stress
Serious financial difficulties can lead to a lot of dystress.
Financial worries may stem from a salary too low to meet the daily lifestyle
necessities, any family member losing a job leading to a reduction in the total
family income. Financial stress may also be triggered by unplanned expenses,
excessive debts or sudden unexpected expenditures like heavy medical bills,
sudden repair and maintenance of property etc.
Post traumatic stress