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Thursday, April 17, 2014

 

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Glossary Home Remedies


Glossary (Names of Herbs and foods)

Hindi Name

English Name

Latin Name

Amrud

Guava

Psidium guajava

Aam

Mango (ripe)

Mangifera indica

Adrak

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Ajwain

Omum

Trachyspermum ammi

Ajwain

Omum seeds

Trachyspermum ammi

Akhrot

Walnut

Juglans regia

Alsi

Linseed

Linum usitatissimum

Amla

Amla

Emblica officinalis

Anar

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Angoor

Grapes

Vitis vinifera

Anjeer

Figs

Ficus carica

Arjun

Arjuna 

Terminalia arjuna

Ashwagandha

Winter cherry

Withania somnifera

Badam

Almond

Prunus amygdalus

Baheda

Beleric myrobalans

Terminalia belerica

Baingan

Eggplant; Brinjal

Solanum melongena

Bathua

----------

Chenopodium album

Bel

Bael Fruit

Aegle marmelos

Brahmi

Indian pennywort

Bacopa monniera

Chameli

Chamomile 

Chamomilla recutita

Chandan

Sandalwood

Santalum album

Chay

Tea plant

Thea sinensis

Chirayata

Chiretta

Swertia chirata

----------

Cranberry

Vaccinium oxycoccus var. Palustris

Dalchini

Cinnamon

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Dhaniya

Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Elaichi

Cardamon

Elettaria cardamomum

Eranda

Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis

Gandhapura

Wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens

Gajar

Carrot

Daucus carota

Gehun

Wheat

Triticum aestivum

Genda

Marigold 

Calendula officinalis

Ghritkumari

Aloe vera

Aloe vera

----------

Ginseng

Panax ginseng

Harad

Indian gall nut

Terminalia chebula

----------

Horse radish

Armoracia rusticana

Imli

Tamarind

Tamarindus indica

Isabgul

Psyillium husk

Plantago psyllium

Jaee

Oats

Avena sativum

Jaiphal

Nutmeg

Myristica fragrans

Jamun

Jambu Fruit

Syzigium cumini

Jau

Barley

Hordeum sativum vulgare

Jeera

Cumin seeds

Cuminum cyminum

Kali mirch

Black pepper

Piper nigrum    

Karela

Bitter gourd

Momordica charantia

Kela

Banana

Musa paradisicum

Kesar

Saffron

Crocus sativus

Kharbooja

Musk melon

Cucumis melo

Khus-Khus;Postdana

Poppy seeds

Papaver somniferum

Kishmish

Raisins

Vitis vinifera

Kulthi

Horse-gram plant

Dolichos biflorus

Kutki

Gentian

Picrorrhiza kurroa

Lavang

Clove

Syzigium aromaticum

----------

Lavender  

Lavandula vera,  L. officinalis

Lehsan

Garlic

Allium sativum

Makhanphal

Avocado

Persica americana gratissima

Methi

Fenugreek seeds

Trigonella foenum graecum

Mirch

Chillies

Capsicum annuum

Mulethi

Licorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Muli

Radish

Raphanus sativus

Munakka

Sultanas

Vitis vinifera

Nariyal

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

Neem

Neem

Azadirachta indica

Nilgiri

Eucalyptus 

Eucalyptus globulus ; Eucalyptus citriodora

Nimbu

Lemon

Citrus limon

Palak

Spinach

Spinacia oleracea

Papita

Papaya tree

Carica papaya

Phitkari

Alum salt

 

Pippali

Long Pepper

Piper longum

Piyaz

Onion

Allium cepa

Postdana

Poppy seeds

Papavar somniferum

----------

Prune

Prunus salicina

Pudina

Mint

Mentha piperita

Ritha

Soapnut

Sapindus trifoliatus

----------

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rusbhary

Raspberry

Rubus wallichi

Salad patta

Lettuce

Lactuca sativa

Santra

Orange

Citrus aurantium

Sarson

Mustard seeds

Brassica campestris

Saunf

Fennel seeds

Foeniculum vulgare

Saunth

Dried ginger

Zingiber officinale

Sev

Apple

Malus sylvestris

Tamatar

Tomato

Lycopersicon esculentum

Tarbuj

Water melon

Citrullus vulgaris

----------

Tea tree oil

Melaleuca alternifolia

Tej patra

Bay leaf

Cinnamomum iners

----------

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Til

Sesame seeds

Sesamum indicum

Tulsi

Holy Basil 

Ocimum sanctum

Vidang

----------

Embelia ribes

Vidari

Wild Yam Root

Ipomoea digitata

----------

Witch hazel

Hamamelis virginiana

Zetoon

Olive

Olea europea

Compresses compresses and poultice are used externally and are very effective because the active part of the herb are able to reach the affected part without being altered in any way by the digestive tract.
Compresses
are normally prepared by soaking a linen or muslin cloth in an infusion or decoction. The cloth is then placed on the affected region and is held in place by a bandage or plastic wrap.
Compresses are milder than poultice and can be hot or cold.

Decoction  a liquor containing the concentrated essence of a substance, produced as a result of heating or boiling, especially as used in medicinal and herbal preparations.

Infusion a drink, remedy or extract prepared by soaking herbs in boiling water to get the flavour or healing properties.

Poultices
Compresses and poultice are used externally and are very effective because the active part of the herb are able to reach the affected part without being altered in any way by the digestive tract.
A poultice
is made from a crushed plant and is applied directly to the affected area. It can be prepared by boiling crushed plant parts for a few minutes to make a pulp  or mix powdered herbs with boiling water. It is specifically useful for conditions like bruises, wounds and abscesses (Pus filled cavities) to soothe and to draw out impurities.

Steep    soak or be soaked in water or other liquid.

Triphala - a combination of three herbs viz. Amla (Emblica officinalis), Harad (Terminalia chebula) and Baheda (Terminelia bellerica)

 


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